Reflective Essay Final

This semester of Composition II has helped me a lot for future classes and life in general. We did four different types of essays that made me realize that there is more to writing than just putting words down on a piece of paper. Also it made me become more of a critical thinker and reader because of the different articles and stories we read in class. At first I thought that this was going to be just another English class where we had to write papers and that would be about it, but I’ve actually gotten a lot from this class and will always remember what I learned.

The four different types of essays we wrote were, Rhetorical Analysis, Argument Analysis, Literature Review and Proposing a Solution. For the first essay, rhetorical analysis, I wrote about the magazine Cosmopolitan. We had to look in depth at an article, advertisement or website and “read like a writer”. So I had to look for specific details that we would normally just glance over. I had to look for ethos, logos and pathos used in the magazine. After writing this first essay I felt that I understood the meanings for those rhetorical appeals much better, because I had to find them and use examples.

The argument analysis paper was about looking at two opposing articles and agreeing with both or one article. My articles were about gun control, because at the time it was a popular subject to talk about in the media. I agreed with both sides, because President Obama had some valid points, but so did Tom Gresham. This paper taught me how to look into subjects deeper and to always read both points of view because  if you just read one side then you only know of that one sides information. But if you go and read two different sides or opinions about the subject, than you can think more critical and see the bigger picture.

Essay three, the literature review was a big impact for me. This is because it was personal and I learned a lot about my subject. I wrote this paper on cancer research and treatments. I wanted to learn more about this because I want to become an oncology nurse. So after reading many different articles on what researchers are doing now for treatments made me feel like I knew so much more about what I want to get into. So this essay helped me realize that just because I have to read a lot of articles and write a paper about this subject it doesn’t mean that I can’t always go back to them and remember that it made my passion for wanting to help cancer patients so much more. So just because I had to write it for English, that doesn’t mean I can’t use it for everyday use.

Proposing a solution was the last essay we had to write. This essay was about the same subject we had in essay three. So I had to propose a solution to help educate the general public about new cancer research and treatments. At first this paper was difficult for me because in essay three we just had to talk about the facts and stories about our subject and now we had to propose a solution for it. I was stuck because there are already organizations and events that do a lot for cancer research already. After awhile I thought of some ways to help make it become more local and wide-spread so everyone will know about it. I talked about Relay for Life and how they do so much for cancer research, patients, doctors and so many more. I proposed that at local Relay for Life events there can be a researcher, doctor or cancer patient talk to us and tell us their stories and how the new treatments and research are helping to find a cure.

Looking back and remembering what all I had to do for these four papers make me realize that if you put hard work into something that you care about or are passionate about, it should come easy to you. Looking at advertisements and articles in a different way can change the entire story. Noticing the different rhetorical appeals in everything you see is amazing because we don’t think about it, but we see them everywhere and all of the time. They are just something we are used to but haven’t ever critically thought about why we look at bold and interesting words. We just go straight towards them because they stick out of the front cover, we don’t think that the author and editor purposely did it that way to make our eyes draw towards it first. It is amazing when you look at the other side of something and see that it is much different from how we normally see it. That is with everything in life, so I try to see both sides of the story now.


Revised Essay for Final Exam

I revised this paper, because it was the first one we did this semester and also because I believe it could have been better. I changed many things throughout the paper like, small errors and bigger ones. I cut out many sentences and put better ones in its place. Also, I moved certain sections from paragraphs around so that it would make more sense and it made the paragraph completely different. This paper needed more detailed but concise sentences because I tended to ramble and get off of the topic.

What Cosmopolitan Really Says

            When we sit down and turn on the television, what is the first thing that tends to come on? Advertisements, lots of them in fact. Even when we are waiting in line at the grocery store, we look over and see magazines covered by advertisements. Most people read a few lines on the cover and go on with what they were doing. But have you ever thought about how the editors come up with every little detail and somehow they grab our attention. Looking specifically at Cosmopolitan’s January 2013 cover, we see Carly Rae Jepsen wearing a brightly patterned short dress, with a lavender background to make her stand out and get our attention. The words vary in sizes, fonts and colors like black, white and dark purple. Cosmopolitan shows us short but informative statements, uses provocative and bold words that grab at our emotions by having a famous celebrity on the front cover for every month so that we will look at it and want to buy it right off the shelf.

The message or logos, that Cosmopolitan magazine is trying to tell us on their cover is short and sweet. Most magazines have numerous short statements that make us gasp in disbelief because another celebrity is spilling secrets or getting divorced. On the January 2013 cover is Carly Rae Jepsen in a bright and bold dress to grab our attention. To the right of her it says, “”Call Me Maybe” Carly Rae Jepsen The Secret Bond She Shares With Bieber” (Kelly). Instantly when we read that we want to open the magazine and find out what that bond is. The editor’s word choice helps readers to understand how important the statement is. Joanna Coles use words like, “epic, totally, hottest and bonus”. Those type of words are very descriptive and help the reader know exactly what the editor is trying to say so that we know how important that statement is. Coles uses these types of words because they stick out from the cover and we look directly towards them at first sight. We all know that you can read the magazine without paying for it, but most of the time when you skim through you actually want to sit down and take the time to read the rest of it and so we buy it. That is exactly what Cosmopolitan wants you to do, and then hopefully you will want to subscribe and get a magazine every month. The main message that Cosmopolitan is trying to get across is for us to buy their magazine. Many of the Cosmopolitan staff work on these magazines.

The most important worker at Cosmopolitan is Joanna Coles, the editor-in-chief (Who’s Who at Cosmopolitan) and so this is where ethos comes in because ethos means a credible source. On the Cosmopolitan website they have a list of names of all the people that work on the magazine and website. Giving a long list of people would be one way to show credit, but the editor-in-chief is over everything, so Joanna Coles must check every little detail before they send it off to be mass printed and shipped everywhere.  Cosmopolitan is a very well known, popular magazine. Many women buy the magazine every month just to read what the editors say is the next best thing and the new fashion. They have a big reputation to uphold and they only way to keep it up is to have the most currently famous celebrity and the juiciest stories inside. It When we find a credible source, we tend to go back to it and rely on it because we can trust what they say and know that everything is true. I know it’s a bit harder when it is on magazines because they tend to say extravagant and crazy things just to grab our attention and get to our emotions.

The editor, Coles wants the readers to feel the same way as they do by using pathos. The target audience for Cosmopolitan is women because their magazines are about celebrities, beauty, relationships and having a healthy lifestyle. If we have a personal connection with the statement then we will immediately flip to that page and read about it, because we tend to feel a little bit better knowing that others may have the same problem. On magazines the statements they use can be very blunt like, “Epic Sex Get It, Give It and Do It Again!” (Kelly) It is so out there that you want to read about it just because they make it intriguing. In that statement they use alliteration: get it, give it. Pathos is an easier rhetorical appeal to find because anything that pulls on your heart strings or gets you angry and ready to fight is pathos. “Text Fight! What He’s Really Thinking” (Kelly) is for those girls who read that and remember the other day when her and her boyfriend had an argument through text and now she wants to figure out what he’s thinking. That is exactly what Cosmopolitan wants us to do, they use every appeal very well.

Every rhetorical appeal; logos, ethos, and pathos is different for every magazine, book, and paper, but logos is the message or argument the editor is trying to make which I think is more important because Cosmopolitan is trying to send out a certain message and they want you to buy their magazine and so they make bold statements to grab our attention. Ethos is giving the credit to whoever wrote it and having the readers to trust them as a credible source. Last but not least, pathos is all of the emotion that the editor uses to make a connection with us so that we can relate to what it says. Media is used by all of us, but women tend to use it a lot more for personal use. Women will look up how to make something or which product is the best to buy and use because they trust it, especially when it says doctor recommended and four start items. Also women use the media to put their own stories out so others may read it. They tend to have a blog that talks about their life, fashion, makeup and hair tips, and many other subjects. They feel that reading stories from other women that  are similar to theirs are to be trusted and used as a credible source. When we look for those three appeals they can help us to better understand why the writer uses bold statements, word choice and pulls at our emotions.

Essay 4: Self Reflection Essay

1. What were your biggest challenges in researching and writing your proposal?

My biggest challenge was finding the exact thing I was looking for. I was looking for cancer vaccines and new treatments, but when I would research it, I would get a big variety of items. So I had to look through a lot of articles to find specifically what I needed. For writing, it was challenging to summarize all of the research, get my point across and giving enough information to make it a proposal.

2. What do you feel is the best element of your final proposal?

I believe my best element is the stories in my paper, because having stories makes it personal and you can have a greater connection then just reading and writing facts.

3. What do you feel is the weakest element of your final proposal?

I believe my weakest element is my wording. I tend to ramble on about something or I have a really long sentence that has too much in it. So I need to be more concise.

4. What could you have done differently to improve your overall performance with both the Literature Review and the Proposal?

Not procrastinate as much. I put it off because in the beginning I wasn’t exactly sure how to write the proposal paper. The Literature Review wasn’t too difficult, but it had a lot of information that needed to be put into it.


Essay 4: Rough Draft

No one in this world wants to be diagnosed with cancer because it is terrifying and will emotionally, physically, and financially hurt you and your family. Back in May of 1985, Doctor Gordy Klatt spent 24 hours walking and running around a track in Washington to help enhance his small American Cancer Society office. He raised 27 thousand dollars by his friends donating 25 dollars to walk and run with him throughout the night. Ever since that day Klatt has expanded his vision into the well know Relay For Life, that now raises more than 4.5 billion dollars to help save lies from cancer (Dr. Gordy Klatt).

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services and they receive money from Congress to help support and fund cancer research. The Office of Management and Budget formulate the NCI’s budget proposal every year and must be approved by the House of Representatives, the Senate and the President has to sign for the law to be enacted. The budget used to be 5.1 billion dollars but recently it has been flat and decreased to 4.9 billion dollars. Certain types of cancers get a certain amount of money. Breast cancer received the most money because it’s very common. Even though the government and fundraisers provide money we still need to bring in more money because now, researchers are coming up with new and improved ways to fight cancer. The best way to educate the general public on cancer research is to spread the knowledge through more fundraisers and events. It should also be the government’s job to be the main funder for cancer research because right now most of the funds come from public donations and our government needs to step in and help researchers find a cure, because now is the time.

Essay 4- Working Thesis and Outline


The best way to educate the general public on cancer research is to spread the knowledge through fundraisers and special events. It should also be the government’s job to help fund cancer research because right now most of the funds come from public donations and our government needs to step in and help researchers find a cure to stop cancer.


Introduction- thesis and proposal


1st- history of funding and education of research, what has already been done

2nd- ways to educate the public more

3rd- ways the government can contribute more to research

4th- how the new proposals will affect research; the outcome

5th- conclusion; restate thesis and talk about proposal again

Essay 4-Prospectus

The problem for this essay is that many people don’t know a lot about new cancer research and treatments and so we need to show it more to the public so that they can contribute. Many associations that help with cancer research have big events to help donate money to pay for all of the equipment needed. I believe that the target audience is the researchers because they are the ones creating the new techniques and no one else knows how the treatments help but them. So having them be the target audience may get them to read the proposal and go out and do something to have the public understand how important the research is.

I believe that the best proposal is to educate the public about the research and treatments that are being made and helping out thousands of cancer patients every day. The evidence that I will use will be the sources that I already have from Essay 3 to help educate the public and also to use sources like the American Cancer Society, Relay For Life and many more associations that do a lot to help us know that we care about cancer and want to fight back and find a cure. I will build rhetorical appeal by having stories about cancer patients and how treatments have been for them and how they have helped.